The original holiday was officially established in 1921 under President Juan Vicente Gómez. Learning about the great historical contributions of this diverse network of cultures is far more interesting than reading about another egomaniacal despot. With minimal visibility and poor navigation, Niña, La Pinta and Santa Maria crashed into high mountains, while Colon, unaware of the other aircraft, flew over the storm and safely made it to Panama City.

A Defense of Christopher Columbus on Columbus Day By John Hirschauer. 2008. With no education beyond years of private study of Marco Polo’s cartographic tomes, the great Genoese explorer set sail for the New World, to which he would bring a devout Catholic faith and respect, if checkered in its breadth, for those encountered in the Indies. Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. For example, a community of predominantly Scandinavian descent may observe Leif Erikson Day instead. ", "San Pedro to Celebrate Belize's Rich Culture on Pan-American Day", "Escuadrilla Pro Faro de Colón in Peru (English)", "The mystery of Christopher Columbus's legacy", "DNA Testing Of Skeleton May Prove Christopher Columbus Was Really Portuguese", "Regata della "Giornata Nazionale di Cristoforo Colombo, "Spain: National Days throughout the History and the Geography of Spain", "Why Do We Still Celebrate Columbus Day? These rituals took themes such as citizenship boundaries, the importance of loyalty to the nation, and the celebration of social progress, included among them was the Pledge of Allegiance by Francis Bellamy. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. Columbus Day is a holiday in the United States that commemorates the landing of Christopher Columbus on October 12, 1492, in the New World. Legal Holidays", "Idea of Discoverers' Day Insults Native Americans", "Vermont ditches Columbus Day for Indigenous Peoples' Day", "In South Dakota it's Native American Day", "New Mexico scraps Columbus Day for Indigenous Peoples' Day", "Maine becomes the latest state to replace Columbus Day with Indigenous Peoples' Day", "Columbus Who? I think it speaks to a renewed interest in the traditions and rights of indigenous people in the general culture.". ", "Manhattan Style 'The Annual Columbus Day Parade, "PR Newswire 'Performers, Bands, and Red, White and Green on Fifth Avenue in NYC Columbus Day Parade, "Title 1 Virgin Islands Code Section 171", "Goodbye, Columbus: holiday in decline as brutal legacy re-evaluated", "Across the US, more cities ditch Columbus Day to honor those who really discovered America", "Hawaii celebrates the discoverer's day that commemorates the Polynesian discovery", "Alaska Statutes: AS 44.12.010. In that year, the Tammany Society in New York City[4] (for whom it became an annual tradition)[5][6] and the Massachusetts Historical Society in Boston celebrated the 300th anniversary of Columbus' landing in the New World.

Several U.S. cities and states have replaced Columbus Day with alternative days of remembrance. This holiday is controversial because the European settlement in the Americas led to the demise of the history and culture of the indigenous peoples. When is the next Columbus Day? The Republicans notably didn’t even bother updating their party platform. During the latter half of the 19th century, the day began to be celebrated in cities with large numbers of Italian Americans, and in 1937 it became a national holiday by presidential proclamation.

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