2. (Plant: Robin Wood. Though having distinct plumage, the two species are similar in vocalization and behavior. [22] Its winter habitat is similar, but includes more open areas. [12], The American robin's diet generally consists of around 40 percent small invertebrates (mainly insects), such as earthworms, beetle grubs, caterpillars and grasshoppers, and 60 percent wild and cultivated fruits and berries. Artist: Robin, https://www.alamy.com/rice-mill-indochina-19th-century-artist-robin-image262752045.html, Northampton, UK. The European robin, or robin redbreast, is a chat-thrush (subfamily Saxicolinae) that breeds throughout Europe, western Asia, and parts of North Africa.It is migratory in northern Europe but only partially so or sedentary farther south. In addition to hunting visually, it also has the ability to hunt by hearing. achrusterus). Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. The adult robin gives alarm calls and dives in a threatening manner towards creatures it considers potential predators, such as approaching cats, dogs and humans. Occasionally, they may visit bird feeders if mealworms or animal-fat suet is offered. However, when feeding in flocks, the American robin is able to remain vigilant and watch other flock members for reactions to predators. [12] Adults are primarily taken by Accipiter hawks, cats, and larger snakes (especially rat snakes and gopher snakes). [7], The American robin has an extensive range, estimated at 16,000,000 km2 (6,200,000 sq mi), and a large population of about 320 million individuals. The nestling period lasts from 13 to 16 days. The species averages about 77 g (2.7 oz) in weight, with males ranging from 72 to 94 g (2.5 to 3.3 oz) and females ranging from 59 to 91 g (2.1 to 3.2 oz). The adult robin gives alarm calls and dives in a threatening manner towards creatures it considers potential predators, such as approaching cats, dogs and humans. It is named after the European robin[2] because of its reddish-orange breast, though the two species are not closely related, with the European robin belonging to the Old World flycatcher family. The Peace Bridge robins were a family of American robins that attracted minor publicity in the mid-1930s for their prominent nest on the Canadian side of the Peace Bridge connecting Buffalo, New York to Fort Erie, Ontario. [15], This bird breeds throughout most of North America, from Alaska and Canada southward to northern Florida and Mexico. The term robin is frequently placed in combination with other names—e.g., bush-robin, scrub-robin, robin-chat (see thrush), magpie-robin, Pekin robin (see Leiothrix). Robin courtship feed, wild European robins feeding each other. [5] The binomial name derives from two Latin words: turdus, "thrush", and migratorius from migrare "to migrate". The female robin lays an average of two to four eggs at a time and incubates them for 11 to 14 days. Corrections? The American robin is often among the first songbirds singing as dawn rises or hours before, and last as evening sets in. Juvenile robins and eggs are preyed upon by squirrels, snakes, and some birds, such as blue jays, California scrub jays, Steller's jays, common grackles, American crows, and common ravens. Overall, 28 raptorial bird species are known to hunt American robins. [7], The eastern subspecies of the American robin (T. m. migratorius) is 23 to 28 cm (9.1 to 11.0 in) long with a wingspan ranging from 31 to 41 cm (12 to 16 in), with similar size ranges across all subspecies. Visitors listen to tales of old at Nottingham Castle, Nottingham, UK, https://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-medieval-storytime-at-the-robin-hood-pageant-visitors-listen-to-tales-15595812.html, https://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-single-magpie-robin-standing-outdoor-77013469.html, Blue Batboy and her sidekick Robin out for a night of Halloween tricks or treats. Credit: Robin Rayne/ZUMA Wire/Alamy Live News, https://www.alamy.com/atlanta-ga-usa-19th-feb-2019-tk-hadman-30-is-examined-by-dr-scott-parry-do-who-oversees-his-general-health-and-hormone-replacement-therapy-tk-who-is-transgender-was-assigned-female-at-birth-but-struggled-with-that-gender-until-he-transitioned-to-male-six-years-ago-im-totally-at-peace-in-my-true-gender-he-said-credit-robin-raynezuma-wirealamy-live-news-image237322589.html, https://www.alamy.com/stock-image-male-blue-throat-bird-luscinia-svecica-cyanecula-singing-to-attract-163555204.html, https://www.alamy.com/robin-erithacus-rubecula-perched-on-an-alder-tree-branch-exeter-devon-uk-image328934476.html, https://www.alamy.com/atlanta-ga-usa-19th-feb-2019-tk-hadman-30-is-examined-by-dr-scott-parry-do-who-oversees-his-general-health-and-hormone-replacement-therapy-tk-who-is-transgender-was-assigned-female-at-birth-but-struggled-with-that-gender-until-he-transitioned-to-male-six-years-ago-im-totally-at-peace-in-my-true-gender-he-said-credit-robin-raynezuma-wirealamy-live-news-image237322550.html, https://www.alamy.com/stock-image-male-blue-throat-bird-luscinia-svecica-cyanecula-singing-to-attract-163555207.html. [52] The association has continued down to the present day, as, for example, in one Calvin and Hobbes cartoon from 1990 that had Calvin celebrating his inevitable wealth and fame after seeing the first robin of spring. Sitemap. During the summer, the American robin defends a breeding territory and is less social. [1] At one point, the bird was killed for its meat, but it is now protected throughout its range in the United States by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act. Brown-headed cowbirds (Molothrus ater) lay their eggs in robin nests (see brood parasite), but the robins usually reject the egg. This is because, while crows and jays die quickly from the virus, the American robin survives the virus longer, hence spreading it to more mosquitoes, which then transmit the virus to humans and other species. [10], Seven subspecies of American robin are recognized. Common cuckoo, Cuculus canorus, male 1, female 2, young 3 being fed by a robin, Erithacus rubecula, and eggs 4,5. [49] One of the houses of the Raven Tribe from the Nisga'a Nation holds the robin as a house crest. Copyright complaints  ~   [6] There are about 65 species of medium to large thrushes in the genus Turdus, characterized by rounded heads, longish pointed wings, and usually melodious songs.

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